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Trekking in Nepal Himalaya

Everest Base Camp Trekking

Interested in hiking and trekking?? Welcome Nepal!! Nepal can be the best destination for hiking and trekking in all over the world. As it the small country on the lap of Himalayas most of your trekking routes end with the sight of splendid beauty of Himalayas. And also various places or temples of great historical and cultural importance can strike on your way. In addition to this there are home stay programs in which you can enjoy the local dishes and stay in their houses during your trip. As Nepalese are very warm and welcoming people the program can be a great experience and also and opportunity in understanding the socio-economic aspect of Nepalese society.

There are wide range of trekking routes in Nepal depending upon the distance, time and expenditure. So, there are lots of options for you. Trekking requires some level of physical fitness. But you need to be no athlete for completing trek in Nepal. But some kind of physical fitness is needed. And one thing you need to keep in mind is trekking is not all about reaching the destination; it’s about the journey too and the thing that matters the most is how well you enjoy during the trekking. However considerable amount of physical fitness is needed in long treks as the problems of altitude, weather and steep slopes. But as mentioned earlier there are a wide range of trekking routes which you can choose according to your will and fitness.

Generally the food is taken three times a day excluding tea and coffee. The widely taken meal in Nepal is rice and roti along with vegetables and meat which are offered in the homestay and almost all the hotel/lodges. Most of the hotels especially in famous trekking routes offer the large verity of American and Asian dishes. They mainly offer pasta, tuna, bakes, noodles, potatoes, eggs, breads, soup, fresh vegetables, and even some deserts like apple pies, pancakes and even freshly prepared custard. In addition to these lots of dry foods like noodles, snickers, biscuits, chocolates and various juices of several fruits are found in the way which you can take in the long route trek which is recommended to be cheaper for you.

In Nepal the Nepali Rupees is taken as the standard currency. Major Banks, hotels and exchange counters at Tribhuvan airport provides services for exchanging foreign currency. In addition the travellers’ cheque can be purchased from American express, Durbarmarg and also from the major banks of the capital. The banks generally charge 1% for the exchange of travellers’ cheque. The exchange rate is about Rs.110 to $1. The daily exchange rate can also be checked in the Google.

Now let’s talk about the expenditure during trekking. The trekking costs are perhaps the lowest if we compare it with the other countries. The average daily expenditure is estimated to be below $20 in which $10 for accommodation and $8for food and remaining for miscellaneous. If you like taking drinks additional $5 may add onto your expense.  The expenditure may increase depending upon your trekking route and also the means of transport if necessary.

Autumn season (September to November) is considered as the best season for the trekking in Nepal. Due to no any rainfall to disturb Nor the excess heat like that in summer this season is considered to have the excellent weather condition for trekking. In addition to this the excellent weather condition leads to the mesmerizing view of the mountains. As the monsoon rain usually hits between June and September and cold creates difficulty in between January to March, they are not considered as the right time for the trekking.

As described earlier the length of trekking in Nepal has wide range of verities from 2, 3 days to more than 15 days which you can choose according to your will, fitness and economy.

Ok now let’s talk about duration of treks in Nepal.

Short treks -- 2 to 5 days trek
•    Shivapuri trek—The trek is 3 to 4 days moderate trek starting at Kakani, Kathmandu through the Shivapuri National Park. Ganesh himal, Langtang and Jugalhimal are the Himalayas seen during the trek. The trek ends in Nagarkot followed by a four hour drive back to Kathmandu.

•    Ghorepani-Punhill trek: The trek is 4 to 5 days moderately difficult trek starting from Ghandruk, Pokhara. The sight of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountains can be viewed during the trek. The trek is also culturally rich with villages of Magar and Gurungs with the former gurkha soldiers.

•    Lwang-Ghalel trek: The trek is 2 to 3 days moderate trek to the lwang village at the altitude of 1550m. You can visit the tea garden, village and cannoying site. The splendid view of the Machhapuchhre mountain and homestay program in the gurung village is the major attraction of this trek. You can observe tea garden, cannoning site and also involve in the daily activities of the villagers.

•    Ghandruk cultural trek: The trek is 3 days moderate trek starting from nayapul – one hour drive from Pokhara and ascends hill villages after crossing a suspension bridge. Superb mountain views, excellent view points and lovely forests are the attractions for the trek.

Medium treks—5 to 12 days trek

•    Mardi Himal Trek—It is the 7 to 8 days trek which starts from Kande—about 1 hr. drive from Pokhara . It is moderately difficult trek with the maximum altitude reaching 3550 meters. Initially the trek begins with marvelous Rhododendron forest and finally the wonderful panorama of the entire Annapurna range as well as the fishtail mountain can be viewed from the top.

•    Annapurna Base Camp Trek—Also called ABC trek, it is 8 to 10 days trek. It is level-2 moderately difficult trek to the base of Annapurna Himalayan range so let’s not talk about the splendid beauty of the Himalayas viewed from here. The trek starts from Nayapul—one hour drive from Pokhara. Guest houses and lodges are available so there is no big problem of accommodation. ABC is at the at the elevation of 4320 meters.

•    Langtang Trek— It is 8 to 10 days moderately difficult trek situated in north towards Tibet. During the trek you reach top of Tserko peak with the altitude of 4984 meters. As well as the magnificent view of mountains the trek provides the cultural insights such as monasteries and local villages influenced by the Tibetan culture.

•    Rara Lake Trek— It is 10 to 12 days moderately difficult trek beginning from Jumla—one hour flight from Kathmandu. The trek takes you through the beaten path of black bear and musk dear habitat through the rural villages up to the lake shore of Rara at the altitude of 2990 meters. You can still ascend and continue your journey through the dense forest to the elevation of 3710 meters.



Long Treks—12+ days
•    Manaslu Circuit Trek —It is approx. 16 days trek which is in the level 4 i.e. hard in the difficulty. The trek is full of adventure as well as challenges. The trek is blessed with the large topographical diversities ranging from 600 meters to 5135 meters. Route navigates through Mt. Manaslu—8th highest mountain in the world. The maximum elevation isLarke pass at the elevation of 5115 meters. The trek begins at Arughat,Gorkha and ends at Besisahar, Lamjung. You have to take a guide compulsorily during the trek.

•    Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek— In this trek we reach the base of Mt. Kanchenjunga (8586 m) which  is the world’s third highest mountain. It is a 20 days trek. It is a level-4 hard type of trek in the difficulty level. The splendid view of Mt. Kanchenjunga and Mt.Manaslu are is the major highlight of this place. In addition to this Musk Deer, Blue Sheep, Red Panda and tracks of snow leopards are also the highlights of this trek. The maximum elevation you reach during the trek is Lampsang Pass at the elevation of 5160 meters. You have to be minimum 2 trekkers and a guide for the entry and the entry fee is $10 per person per week.

•    Makalu Trek— Mt. Makalu is the fifth highest mountain is the world. The trek is a 17 days trek and the difficulty level of 4 out of 5 which is comparatively hard type of trek. Stunning mountain scenario and unspoiled nature are the highlights of this trek. The maximum elevation is 5250 meters at Shersong ridge. The trek is open except in winter. You have to be minimum 2 trekkers and a guide for the entry and the entry fee is $10 per person for first four weeks.

•    Everest Base Camp Trek—The trek is a 16 days trek reaching at the base of the world’s highest peak. The difficulty level is 4 out of 5 whichis comparatively hard type of trek. The outstanding view of Mt. Everest and other mountains from Kalapatthar is the major attraction of this trek. Kalapatthar (5643 m) is the highest point in this trek. Visiting the world’s biggest and oldest monastery, visiting Sherpa villages are also the attractions of this trek. 

Rarer Trek
•    Upper Dolpo Trek—It is about 25-27 days difficult trek. Upper Dolpo is the high altitude typical Tibetan region in the western part of Nepal. The trek is full of ethnic Tibetan art and culture. Reffered as the Forbidden Kingdom it is closed for foreigners and only permitted through the expensive and restricted permit. So, this trek is lot expensive than other treks. The trek begins from Juphal (2285m) and passes through gigantic mountain ranges over the Numa La Pass (5190 m) and you finally reach Phoksundo Lake inside the Phoksundo National Park. Unforgettable passes, great view of landscapes, special untouched Tibetan culture are the major highlights of the trek. In addition to this abundant Himalayan wildlife like Musk Deer, Himalayan Blue Sheep, and a very rare Snow Leopard makes the trek very precious.   





Trekking in Nepal – Seasons
Autumn season (September to November) is considered as the best season for the trekking in Nepal. Due to no any rainfall to disturb Nor the excess heat like that in summer this season is considered to have the excellent weather condition for trekking. In addition to this the excellent weather condition leads to the mesmerizing view of the mountains. As the monsoon rain usually hits between June and September and cold creates difficulty in between January to March, they are not considered as the right time for the trekking. However each of the seasons have something different to offer. Let’s talk about different seasons and their uniqueness in the trek in Nepal.

•    Autumn (September to November) is the best season for the trekking in Nepal. Due to moderate temperature, clear sky and tantalizing view of the mountains this season is most preferred as the trekking season.

•    Winter (December to February ) It is suitable season for the trek in the lower and medium altitudes as the sky is clear and still pleasant temperature but the high altitude treks are not preferred because of the temperature. Even some high altitude trekking routes are closed during this season.

•    Spring (March to May) The season is suitable for high altitude treks rather than low altitude treks as the temperature is pretty warm in low altitudes whereas in high altitude treks the temperature is comparatively moderate.

•    Summer (June to September) These are the months with the rainy season which involves monsoon rain with heavy rainfall making the trekking difficult. Trekking to Tibet and desert areas of Nepal like Mustang, Dolpo valley are the best alternative for trekking in this season.

How to prepare for trek in Nepal?
Trekking is all about enjoying and refreshment. So, there is no hard and fast rule for the list of preparations you need to do while trekking. But some level of physical and mental preparations is needed. You are about to walk on the steep hills, snowy areas, high altitudes so you need to be mentally prepared as well as some level of physical preparations are needed. So, continual physical exercise and aerobics can aid a lot. In addition to this the proper shoes and clothes should be taken according to the duration and type of your trek. Most importantly make sure the books you take during the trek is not completely new. As the new boots may cause blisters which may ruin your trek.Some treks have fluctuation in the day and night temperature so you have to take your clothes accordingly. And remember taking more of your accessories may become heavy cause you difficulty during your trek.

Altitude Sickness Information
The major problem that the trekkers face in the high altitude treks is altitude sickness. It is sue to the deficiency of oxygen in your body due to the thinness in air due to the high altitude .The symptoms include Headache, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue, dizziness, which may lead to blurred vision, severe headache and constant vomiting. Be aware of the symptoms and immediately after the symptoms is seen stop your ascend and contact to the trained medical personnel and take the required medicines. But some of the preventive measures can be performed beforehand. Drinking water frequently, ascending slowly, Proper sleep, warm clothing during the trek can be the preventive measures for the altitude sickness problem.


Equipment needed for trekking in Nepal
Most of the time the necessary equipment for the trek is provided by your travel agencies according to your package. But still you have to prepare something for yourself. One of the important thing is the sleeping bag and tent which is most probably provided to you. In addition light but warm jackets can be preferable. You can carry a 1 liter water bottle for yourself. For remote treks the torch light can be of great help in case of delay. The shopping can be done in the suitable place of Kathmandu and Pokhara. You can carry a stick too with you and water proof cover for your bag should not be missed during the trek.

How to hire a guide in Nepal
The trekking guide is generally provided by the travel agencies as well as the hotels you stay or you can search for the independent guide. The average cost for the guide is 15 to 30 USD per day. There is only little difference between hiring the guide from agency and from outside. Hiring a guide outside costa about $15 but you can split the cost if it is for two or more of you. For the trekking in Everest and Langtang region hiring the guide from Kathmandu is better whereas for the trekking in the Annapurna region hiring the guide from Pokhara is much better.

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